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Internet Challenges to Business Innovation

Journal of Internet Law, Vol. 12, No. 3, August 2008

6 Pages Posted: 29 Aug 2008  

Nancy S. Kim

California Western School of Law

Date Written: August 27, 2008


While the adoption of the licensing model in the hard goods arena is problematic from a legal standpoint, it is misguided from a purely policy-oriented one as well. The embrace of 'wrap agreements' and the licensing model (as opposed to the old-fashioned idea of a sale) by courts was motivated by a desire to encourage business innovation and deter bad faith business conduct. Unfortunately, many of the technology innovators of yesterday are the innovation stiflers of today, attempting to control what consumers can do with software through overreaching contractual clauses and overzealous legal departments. To make matters worse, companies in established industries, such as book publishing, are following the lead of the software giants by relying upon innovative contracting models rather than by developing innovative business models. The distributive power of the Internet and the relatively low cost of setting up a virtual community and online shop open up possibilities for writers, musicians and other artists that were unavailable just a few years ago. Consequently, the next wave of online business innovation may be driven by content providers who recognize their value and demand some sort of compensation, whether it be in the form of cash, royalties, or equity.

Keywords: business innovation, entrepreneur, clickwrap agreement, contracts, licensing, Internet

Suggested Citation

Kim, Nancy S., Internet Challenges to Business Innovation (August 27, 2008). Journal of Internet Law, Vol. 12, No. 3, August 2008. Available at SSRN:

Nancy Kim (Contact Author)

California Western School of Law ( email )

225 Cedar Street
San Diego, CA 92101
United States

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