Geographic Income Inequality in Chile

31 Pages Posted: 1 Sep 2008

See all articles by Claudio A. Agostini

Claudio A. Agostini

Universidad Adolfo Ibañez

Phil Brown

GeoSource Capital Solutions

Date Written: June 1, 2007


Despite success in reducing poverty over the last twenty years, inequality in Chile has remained virtually unchanged, making Chile one of the least equal countries in the world. High levels of inequality have been shown to hamper further reductions in poverty as well as economic growth and local inequality has been shown to affect such outcomes as violence and health. The study of inequality at the local level is thus crucial for understanding the economic well-being of a country. Local measures of inequality have been difficult to obtain, but recent theoretical advances have enabled the combination of survey and census data to obtain estimators of inequality that are robust at disaggregated geographic levels. In this paper, we employ this methodology to produce consistent estimators of inequality for every county in Chile. We find a great deal of variation in inequality, with county-level Gini coefficients ranging from 0.41 to 0.63.

Note: Downloadable document is in Spanish.

JEL Classification: D31, D63, O15, C53

Suggested Citation

Agostini, Claudio A. and Brown, Phil, Geographic Income Inequality in Chile (June 1, 2007). Revista de Analisis Economico, Vol. 22, No. 1, 2007, Available at SSRN:

Claudio A. Agostini (Contact Author)

Universidad Adolfo Ibañez ( email )

Diagonal Las Torres 2640
(562)3311130 (Phone)


Phil Brown

GeoSource Capital Solutions ( email )

PO Box 535
Charles Town, WV 25414
United States

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