A Multistage Model of Loans and the Role of Relationships
Financial Management, Forthcoming
55 Pages Posted: 2 Sep 2008
Date Written: September 2, 2008
We develop a multistage model of the loan granting process to understand the contradictory findings of the existing literature on bank-borrower relationships, credit availability, and loan rates. Upon estimating our model with the 1993, 1998, and 2003 versions of the Survey of Small Business Finances data set, we find that relationships matter in a borrower's decision whether to apply for a loan and in the loan approval/rejection decision by the financial institution. However, the effect of relationships on loan rates depends on the prevailing economic climate. While firms with pre-existing relationships obtain credit at lower rates during periods of economic expansion, loan rates are not negatively correlated with pre-existing relationships during periods of economic recession.
Keywords: relationships, loan, small business, adverse selection, moral hazard, credit rationing
JEL Classification: C30, G20
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation