Course Materials for: ‘Being a Leader and the Effective Exercise of Leadership: An Ontological/Phenomenological Model’
1126 Pages Posted: 4 Sep 2008 Last revised: 13 Mar 2023
Date Written: October 4, 2022
Slide-Deck Textbook and course materials (1126 pages) for the Leadership Course taught at the University of California, Los Angeles, August 2022.
This leadership course is designed to leave students being leaders and exercising leadership effectively as their natural self-expression – rather than attempting to learn the characteristics, styles, and skills of noteworthy leaders, and then trying to remember and apply them where appropriate.
The course is not designed to merely leave the students with knowledge (that is not designed to leave students “knowing” about leaders and leadership and able to cogently discuss the issues surrounding leader and leadership). Rather, the course is designed to give students actual access to being a leader and the effective exercise of leadership as their natural self-expression. Our promise to the students is that if they honor their word to fulfill the requests we make of them they will leave the course being leaders and exercising leadership effectively as their natural self-expression.
History and More on the Course
The course material is based on our work over the last thirteen years in developing a course of the same title beginning at the University of Rochester Simon School of Business, USA from 2004 – 2008. The course was taught in the curriculum at the US Air Force Academy from 2008 to 2011 and in 2014 and 2015 (a version of the course was taught in 2012 and 2013); at Erasmus Academie Rotterdam, Netherlands in June 2009 (a version of which was taught at the Erasmus University Law School from 2009 and 2010), at Texas A&M University Mays School of Business, USA in June 2010, in India under the auspices of the IC Centre for Governance and MW Corporation in November 2010, at Dartmouth College School of Medicine, USA in June 2012, at the University of British Columbia’s entrepreneurship@UBC, Canada in June 2013, at Nanyang Technological University, Singapore in July 2014, at the Zayed University Convention Center in Dubai, United Arab Emirates in January 2015, at Clemson University College of Business, USA in June 2016, in Abu Dhabi, UAE in October 2016 and at University of California, Los Angeles, USA in July 2018, 2019, 2021 and August 2022. Courses offered for the benefit of the Erhard-Jensen Ontological / Phenomenological Initiative includes: Whistler, B.C. Canada in October 2012, Cancun, Mexico in October 2013 and 2015, in Bermuda in November 2014, in Cancun, Mexico in October 2017, 2018, and 2019.
We have also trained over 150 faculty members from around the world to teach the course in their universities and colleges, over 50 of these currently teach either the full semester course or a version thereof in their respective institutions. The course is still under development and will be for several more years.
The research project that led to the creation of this course (and the papers and slides on leadership that are the Textbook for the course in the attached pdf file) originated from our interest in laying the foundations for a science of leadership. We agree with Warren Bennis (2002, p. 2) and Joseph Rost (1993, p. 8) who conclude respectively: “It is almost a cliche of the leadership literature that a single definition of leadership is lacking.” and “The scholars do not know what it is they are studying, and the practitioners do not know what it is they are practicing.”
Taking on the question of “what leadership is” required us to get into what it is to be a leader and what it is to exercise leadership effectively as a lived experience, rather than as a description, explanation or a theory. Getting to the core of being a leader and the actions of effective leadership led naturally to tackling the task of actually creating leaders, and the natural laboratory for exploring that question was the classroom. Mark Zupan, Dean of the U. of Rochester Simon School of Business and his colleagues provided us the five-year laboratory to do this and the course was created.
We resolve the puzzle over what leadership is by uniquely distinguishing leader and leadership as the intersection of four precise aspects which are respectively:
Leader and Leadership as 1. Linguistic Abstractions (leader and leadership as “realms of possibility”), 2. Phenomena (leader and leadership as lived on the court, that is, as experienced in the exercise of or in being impacted by), 3. Domains (the field or sphere in which leader and leadership function), 4. Terms (leader and leadership as definitions).
The access provided to (and therefore what is revealed about) leader and leadership when dealt with as a realm of possibility is different than the access provided to (and therefore what is revealed about) leader or leadership when they are dealt with as a phenomenon, or as a domain, or as a term.
We argue that when the four perspectives are taken together, as a whole they provide access to mastering what leader and leadership actually are. This enables us to get our arms around the being of a leader and the effective exercise of leadership. Having mastered this overall context, we can then get our hands on the levers and dials of being a leader, and the effective exercise of leadership.
What follows – in a single pdf document of 1000+ pages of PowerPoint slides, Word documents, and exhibits – is a collection of virtually all the materials used in the course, including the student course evaluations for the courses taught by the authors.
Our desire is to make the course available to any faculty in higher education to teach it, to communicate it and to extend it. This release of the material is not fully complete nor is it polished to our standards. We will continue to update and extend the material and will revise these files. We are releasing the material so that we can benefit from the comments, criticisms and suggestions of others in higher education who share our desire to accelerate the development of a true science of leadership. We want to see this material (or material derived from it) taught in every major college and university.
For the full introductory paper to the course (the 6th of 8 Course readings): “Introductory Reading for Being A Leader and the Effective Exercise of Leadership: An Ontological/Phenomenological Model” see: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1585976.
For the URL's to the Course Readings for the Course ‘Being a Leader and the Effective Exercise of Leadership: An Ontological/Phenomenological Model’ see: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2416455.
For the introductory seminar to the course see: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1392406.
For the introductory chapter to the course published in: Scott Snook, Nitin Nohria, Rakesh Khurana, Editors “The Handbook For Teaching Leadership” Sage Publications, 2011 see: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1681682.
Keywords: Leadership, Ontology, Ontological Model of Human Nature, Ontological Constraints, Perceptual Constraints, Functional Constraints
JEL Classification: M1
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
Do you have negative results from your research you’d like to share?
Integridad: Un Modelo Positivo Que Incorpora Fenomenos Normativos de Moral, Etica y Legalidad - Abreviado (Integrity: A Positive Model that Incorporates the Normative Phenomena of Morality, Ethics, and Legality - Abridged)
By Paul J. Zak
Lectura Introductoria Para ser un Líder y el Efectivo Ejercicio de Liderazgo: Un Modelo Ontológico/Fenomenológico (Introductory Reading for Being a Leader and the Effective Exercise of Leadership: An Ontological/Phenomenological Model)