Gender and Corporate Finance: Are Male Executives Overconfident Relative to Female Executives?
49 Pages Posted: 7 Sep 2008 Last revised: 5 Aug 2018
Date Written: June 21, 2012
We examine corporate financial and investment decisions made by female executives compared to male executives. Male executives undertake more acquisitions and issue debt more often than female executives. Further, acquisitions made by firms with male executives have announcement returns approximately 2% lower than those made by female executive firms, and debt issues also have lower announcement returns for firms with male executives. Female executives place wider bounds on earnings estimates and are more likely to exercise stock options early. This evidence suggests men exhibit relative overconfidence in significant corporate decision-making compared to women.
Keywords: Corporate policies, Gender, Overconfidence, Mergers and Acquisitions
JEL Classification: G32, G34, J16
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation