Canada Leading the Way? Reasonable Accommodation from the Standpoint of International Human Rights Law ('Le Canada a la pointe de la tolerance? L'accommodement raisonnable a l'aune du droit international des droits de la personne')
LA RELIGION, LE DROIT ET LE RAISONNABLE, Jean-François Gaudreault-DesBiens, ed., Themis, Montreal, 2008
26 Pages Posted: 9 Sep 2008
Date Written: September 9, 2008
This chapter examines the Canadian notion of "reasonable accommodation" as it applies in Canadian constitutional law to religious minorities, from the point of view of international human rights law. It focusses on the European Court of Human Rights and the UN's Human Rights Committee's case law and finds that international law typically does not require states to engage in reasonable accommodation, preferring a standard of formal equality to a more substantive one. In fact, it is probably international human rights law that could learn from the Canadian example, especially in the light of recent European decisions that legitimize Turkey in enforcing a very rigid view of secularism that is at the extreme opposite of reasonable accommodation.
Note: Downloadable document is in French.
Keywords: international law, international human rights law, european court of human rights, united nations, human rights committee, veil, tolerance, legal pluralism, human rights, religion, religious freedom
JEL Classification: K10, K30, K33
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation