The Effect of High School Employment on Educational Attainment: A Conditional Difference-in-Differences Approach

47 Pages Posted: 14 Sep 2008

See all articles by Franz Buscha

Franz Buscha

University of Westminster

Arnaud Maurel

Duke University - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Lionel Page

Queensland University of Technology

Stefan Speckesser

Policy Studies Institute (PSI)

Date Written: September 2008

Abstract

Using American panel data from the National Educational Longitudinal Study of 1988 (NELS:88) this paper investigates the effect of working during grade 12 on attainment. We exploit the longitudinal nature of the NELS by employing, for the first time in the related literature, a semiparametric propensity score matching approach combined with difference-in-differences. This identification strategy allows us to address in a flexible way selection on both observables and unobservables associated with part-time work decisions. Once such factors are controlled for, insignificant effects on reading and math scores are found. We show that these results are robust to a matching approach combined with difference-in-difference-in-differences which allows differential time trends in attainment according to the working status in grade 12.

Keywords: education, evaluation, propensity score matching

JEL Classification: J24, J22, I21

Suggested Citation

Buscha, Franz and Maurel, Arnaud and Page, Lionel and Speckesser, Stefan, The Effect of High School Employment on Educational Attainment: A Conditional Difference-in-Differences Approach (September 2008). IZA Discussion Paper No. 3696. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1267837 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0042-7092.2007.00700.x

Franz Buscha (Contact Author)

University of Westminster ( email )

309 Regent Street
London, W1R 8AL
United Kingdom

Arnaud Maurel

Duke University - Department of Economics ( email )

213 Social Sciences Building
Box 90097
Durham, NC 27708-0204
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Lionel Page

Queensland University of Technology ( email )

2 George Street
Brisbane, Queensland 4000
Australia

Stefan Speckesser

Policy Studies Institute (PSI) ( email )

London NW1 3SR
United Kingdom

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