How Does Culture Contribute To Innovation? Evidence from European Countries

The University of Tartu Faculty of Economics and Business Administration Working Paper No. 63-2008

39 Pages Posted: 18 Sep 2008

See all articles by Anneli Kaasa

Anneli Kaasa

University of Tartu - Faculty of Economics and Business Administration

Maaja Vadi

University of Tartu - Faculty of Economics and Business Administration

Date Written: September, 15 2008

Abstract

Culture is deemed to be a crucial basis for innovation in various respects. The aim of this paper is to explore the relationships between different cultural dimensions introduced by Hofstede (2001) and the capability of initiating innovation measured by the number of patent applications using the sample of European countries at the regional level. As a novel approach, instead of using Hofstede's original index scores, the measures for the cultural dimensions are based on the European Social Survey (ESS). We have learned that to be successful in patenting, a region should have power distance, uncertainty avoidance, family-related collectivism (as opposed to friend-related and organisation-related collectivism) and lower than average masculinity. In addition, the negative relationships between these cultural dimensions and patenting are stronger when there is a higher patenting intensity. However, culture alone does not serve as a guarantee for a high level of patenting intensity.

Keywords: innovation, culture, Europe

JEL Classification: O31, M14

Suggested Citation

Kaasa, Anneli and Vadi, Maaja, How Does Culture Contribute To Innovation? Evidence from European Countries (September, 15 2008). The University of Tartu Faculty of Economics and Business Administration Working Paper No. 63-2008, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1268359 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1268359

Anneli Kaasa (Contact Author)

University of Tartu - Faculty of Economics and Business Administration ( email )

Narva Road 4-A210
Tartu 51009
Estonia
+ 372 7 375 842 (Phone)

Maaja Vadi

University of Tartu - Faculty of Economics and Business Administration ( email )

Narva Road 4-A218
Tartu 51009
Estonia
+ 372 7 376 323 (Phone)
+ 372 7 376 323 (Fax)

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