How Do Competitive Environments Moderate CRM Value?
Decision Support Systems, 2013
43 Pages Posted: 20 Sep 2008 Last revised: 7 Jul 2015
Date Written: November 11, 2012
Customer relationship management (CRM) plays a critical role in e-business. In this study we seek to quantify the value of Internet-based CRM applications, and the purpose of our research is to identify the mechanisms underlying CRM value creation. Using a unique dataset collected from vendor archives of CRM implementations, we find an increase in firm value associated with CRM applications. This value implication, however, is attributable to integration of CRM with existing enterprise resource planning (ERP) applications, instead of installing CRM functional modules per se. Further, we find that the integration contributes more value in markets featuring higher product differentiation or lower entry costs. Together these findings shed light on the mechanisms through which CRM applications increase firm value in specific competitive environments.
Keywords: E-business, customer relationship management, competitive environments, business value, enterprise resource planning, integration, product differentiation, entry costs
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