Impure Public Technologies and Environmental Policy

34 Pages Posted: 26 Sep 2008

See all articles by Anil Markandya

Anil Markandya

Basque Centre for Climate Change (BC3); University of Bath

Dirk T. G. Rübbelke

Technische Universität Bergakademie Freiberg

Date Written: September, 23 2008


Analyses of public goods regularly address the case of pure public goods. However, a large number of (international) public goods exhibit characteristics of different degrees of publicness, i.e. they are impure public goods. In our analysis of transfers helping to overcome the inefficient provision of such goods, we therefore apply the Lancastrian characteristics approach. In contrast to the existing literature, we consider the case of a continuum of impure public goods. We employ the example of international conditional transfers targeting to overcome suboptimal low climate protection efforts by influencing the abatement technology choice of countries.

Keywords: Impure Public Goods, Lancastrian Characteristics Approach, Conditional Transfers, Ancillary Benefits of Climate Policy

JEL Classification: H87, Q54

Suggested Citation

Markandya, Anil and Rübbelke, Dirk T. G., Impure Public Technologies and Environmental Policy (September, 23 2008). FEEM Working Paper No. 76.2008. Available at SSRN: or

Anil Markandya

Basque Centre for Climate Change (BC3)

Gran Vía 35-2
Bilbao, Vizcaya 48009

University of Bath ( email )

Claverton Down
Bath, BA2 7AY
United Kingdom

Dirk T. G. Rübbelke (Contact Author)

Technische Universität Bergakademie Freiberg ( email )

Freiberg, 09599

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