Can Independent Blockholding Really Play Much of a Role in Indian Corporate Governance?
Corporate Governance Law Review, Vol. 3, No. 3, 2007
30 Pages Posted: 25 Sep 2008
Date Written: September, 24 2008
How important are active independent shareholders in a framework for sound corporate governance? Hedge funds, institutional investors, the "Warren Buffets" of the world, and other share blockholders can conceivably guard against abusive behavior by monitoring a firm's activities. As India enters its new era of corporate governance - ushered in by the Clause 49 reforms - many commentators and regulators are endorsing blockholding as an effective antidote against dysfunctional governance. While this idea has some theoretical merit, this paper argues that the present ownership structure of India's public firms does not yet lend itself to a sound blockholding strategy. To make this point, I empirically examine how stock ownership at fifty large public companies on the National Stock Exchange of India (the "S&P CNX Nifty") is split between insiders, the Indian government, and independent investors. This work suggests that many (but not all) firms currently lack enough of an outside shareholder presence to provide a meaningful governance counterbalance. Share blockholding and investor vigilance may indeed have a significant role to play in Indian corporate governance, but it will likely take some time before reform efforts in this area generate much impact.
Keywords: India, corporate governance, blockholding, empirical analysis
JEL Classification: K20, K22
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation