Does Investor Misvaluation Drive the Takeover Market?
Posted: 6 Oct 2008 Last revised: 19 Oct 2008
Date Written: April 1, 2006
This paper uses pre-offer market valuations to evaluate the misvaluation and Q theories of takeovers. Bidder and target valuations (price-to-book, or price-to-residual-income-model-value) are related to means of payment, mode of acquisition, premia, target hostility, offer success, and bidder and target announcement-period returns. The evidence is broadly consistent with both hypotheses. The evidence for the Q hypothesis is stronger in the pre-1990 period than in the 1990-2000 period, whereas the evidence for the misvaluation hypothesis is stronger in the 1990-2000 period than in the pre-1990 period.
Keywords: takeovers, misvaluation, market efficiency, behavioral finance
JEL Classification: G34, G14, G31
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation