22 Pages Posted: 1 Oct 2008 Last revised: 20 Oct 2008
Date Written: September 30, 2008
The International Federation of Accountants (IFAC) has issued a revised "Code of Ethics for Professional Accountants" (IFAC Code). The IFAC Code is intended to be a model code of ethics for national accounting organizations throughout the world. Prior research demonstrates that approximately 50 percent of IFAC member organizations have adopted the IFAC Code as their organizational code of conduct. There is therefore empirical evidence that international convergence of accounting ethical standards is occurring. We employ Hofstede's (2008) cultural dimensions in an attempt to empirically explain accounting organizations' decisions about whether to adopt the IFAC Code or to retain their organization-specific code. Our results indicate that accounting organizations in cultures with high levels of Individualism and Uncertainty Avoidance are less likely to adopt the model IFAC Code. Organizations in high Individualism and Uncertainty Avoidance societies are therefore less likely to surrender the setting of ethical standards to an outside, international organization.
Keywords: Accounting profession, codes of conduct, codes of ethics, cultural influences, IFAC
JEL Classification: M14, M41, M49
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
Clements, Curtis and Neill, John D. and Stovall, O. Scott, The Impact of Cultural Differences on the Convergence of International Accounting Codes of Ethics (September 30, 2008). AAA 2009 Mid-Year International Accounting Section (IAS) Meeting. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1275950 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1275950
By Julia Roloff