Sexual Orientation, Work, and Income in Canada

23 Pages Posted: 2 Oct 2008

See all articles by Christopher S. Carpenter

Christopher S. Carpenter

Vanderbilt University; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Abstract

We provide the first evidence on sexual orientation and economic outcomes in Canada using confidential data that ask adults a direct question about their sexual orientation. Gay men have 12% lower personal incomes and lesbians have 15% higher personal incomes than otherwise similar heterosexual men and women, respectively. Different labour force patterns can account for some of the income differentials. We also document large differences in educational attainment, childrearing, and urbanicity that generally mirror patterns found in the US. Finally, we show that applying couples-based approaches common in this literature greatly overstates the magnitudes of gay/straight income gaps.

Suggested Citation

Carpenter, Christopher S., Sexual Orientation, Work, and Income in Canada. Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue canadienne d'économique, Vol. 41, Issue 4, pp. 1239-1261, November/novembre 2008, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1276688 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-5982.2008.00502.x

Christopher S. Carpenter (Contact Author)

Vanderbilt University ( email )

Box 1819 Station B
Nashville, TN 37235
United States

HOME PAGE: http://https://sites.google.com/site/kittcarpenter/

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

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