The Construction of Neighbourhoods and its Relevance for the Measurement of Social and Ethnic Segregation: Evidence from Denmark

25 Pages Posted: 6 Oct 2008

See all articles by Anna Piil Damm

Anna Piil Damm

Aarhus University - Department of Economics and Business Economics; IZA - Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (Institute for the Study of Labor); CReAM - Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration; Rockwool Fondens Forskningsenhed

Marie Louise Schultz-Nielsen

Rockwool Foundation Research Unit; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Abstract

In this paper we propose a model for constructing neighbourhoods based on geo-referenced data and administrative data. The 431,233 inhabited hectare cells in Denmark are clustered into 9,404 small and 2,296 large neighbourhoods, inhabited on average in 2004 by 572 and 2,343 persons respectively. The priorities in the clustering process are to obtain neighbourhoods that are unaltered over time, delineated by physical barriers, compact, homogeneous in terms of type of housing and ownership, relatively small, homogeneous in terms of number of inhabitants, and comprised of a contiguous cluster of cells. To illustrate the importance of detailed neighbourhood information we compare social and ethnic segregation measured by Isolation and Dissimilation indices on the levels of municipalities and of small neighbourhoods. Our findings demonstrate substantial variation in the residential mix in neighbourhoods within a given municipality, and thus show the importance of having information on a more detailed geographical level than that of the municipality.

Keywords: geo-referenced data, neighbourhoods, segregation

JEL Classification: I3, J61, R2

Suggested Citation

Damm, Anna Piil and Schultz-Nielsen, Marie Louise, The Construction of Neighbourhoods and its Relevance for the Measurement of Social and Ethnic Segregation: Evidence from Denmark. IZA Discussion Paper No. 3719, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1278919 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0042-7092.2007.00700.x

Anna Piil Damm (Contact Author)

Aarhus University - Department of Economics and Business Economics ( email )

Prismet, Silkeborgvej 2
DK-8210 Aarhus V
Denmark

IZA - Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (Institute for the Study of Labor) ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

CReAM - Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration ( email )

Drayton House
30 Gordon Street
London, WC1H 0AX
United Kingdom

Rockwool Fondens Forskningsenhed ( email )

Sejroegade 11
DK-2100 Copenhagen
Denmark

Marie Louise Schultz-Nielsen

Rockwool Foundation Research Unit ( email )

Sejroegade 11
DK-2100 Copenhagen
Denmark

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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