The Transmission of Women's Fertility, Human Capital and Work Orientation Across Immigrant Generations

54 Pages Posted: 6 Oct 2008

See all articles by Francine D. Blau

Francine D. Blau

Cornell University - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research); IZA Institute of Labor Economics; German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin)

Lawrence M. Kahn

Cornell University - School of Industrial and Labor Relations; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Albert Yung-Hsu Liu

Cornell University - Department of Economics; Cornell University - Cornell Higher Education Research Institute

Kerry L. Papps

Cornell University; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

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Abstract

Using 1995-2006 Current Population Survey and 1970-2000 Census data, we study the intergenerational transmission of fertility, human capital and work orientation of immigrants to their US-born children. We find that second-generation women's fertility and labor supply are significantly positively affected by the immigrant generation's fertility and labor supply respectively, with the effect of mother's fertility and labor supply larger than that of women from the father's source country. The second generation's education levels are also significantly positively affected by that of their parents, with a stronger effect of father's than mother's education. Second-generation women's schooling levels are negatively affected by immigrant fertility, suggesting a quality-quantity tradeoff for immigrant families. We find higher transmission rates for immigrant fertility to the second generation than we do for labor supply or education: after one generation, 40-65% of any immigrant excess fertility will remain, but only 12-18% of any immigrant annual hours shortfall and 18-36% of any immigrant educational shortfall. These results suggest a considerable amount of assimilation across generations toward native levels of schooling and labor supply, although fertility effects show more persistence.

Keywords: immigration, second generation, gender, labor supply, fertility, human capital

JEL Classification: D10, J16, J22, J24, J61

Suggested Citation

Blau, Francine D. and Kahn, Lawrence M. and Liu, Albert Yung-Hsu and Papps, Kerry L., The Transmission of Women's Fertility, Human Capital and Work Orientation Across Immigrant Generations. IZA Discussion Paper No. 3732. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1278933 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0042-7092.2007.00700.x

Francine D. Blau (Contact Author)

Cornell University - Department of Economics ( email )

265 Ives Hall
Ithaca, NY 14853-3901
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607-255-4381 (Phone)
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HOME PAGE: http://www.ilr.cornell.edu/directory/fdb4/

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
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CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research)

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IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

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German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) ( email )

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Berlin, 10117
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Lawrence M. Kahn

Cornell University - School of Industrial and Labor Relations ( email )

265 Ives Hall
Ithaca, NY 14853-3901
United States
607-255-0510 (Phone)
607-255-4496 (Fax)

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research)

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Albert Yung-Hsu Liu

Cornell University - Department of Economics ( email )

414 Uris Hall
Ithaca, NY 14853-7601
United States

Cornell University - Cornell Higher Education Research Institute ( email )

Ithaca, NY 14853-3901
United States
(607) 254-4777 (Phone)

Kerry L. Papps

Cornell University ( email )

Ithaca, NY 14853
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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