The Other Side of Sustainable Aquaculture: Mariculture and Nonpoint Source Pollution
42 Pages Posted: 6 Oct 2008
Date Written: 2002
Mariculture is the aquaculture of the sea. Various agencies of the U.S. government are trying to establish mariculture as a sustainable and profitable industry.
Sustainable mariculture, however, is intimately tied to ocean water quality. To date, the industries that regulate mariculture operations have focused primarily on preventing or limiting the water pollution that such facilities can cause. However, mariculture facilities location in the coastal zone are also subject to increasing levels of land-based water pollution, most of it from upland non point sources.
This Article argues that if the United States wants to establish a viable mariculture industry, it must pay more attention to ocean water quality and the control of land-based ocean pollution, especially non point source pollution.
Keywords: mariculture, aquaculture, Clean Water Act, Coastal Zone Management Act, CZMA, nonpoint source, water quality, ocean, coastal zone
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