The Dynamics of Implied Volatility Surfaces
FORC preprint: 1998/86
Posted: 16 Sep 1998
Date Written: May 1998
Motivated by the papers of Dupire (1992) and Derman and Kani (1997), we want to investigate the number of shocks that move the whole implied volatility surface, their interpretation and their correlation with percentage changes in the underlying asset. This work differs from Skiadopoulos, Hodges and Clewlow (1998) in which they looked at the dynamics of smiles for a given maturity bucket. We look at daily changes in implied volatilities under two different metrics: the strike metric and the moneyness metric. Since we are dealing with a three dimensional problem, we fix ranges of days to maturity, we pool them together and we apply the Principal Components Analysis (PCA) to the changes in implied volatilities over time across both the strike (moneyness) metric and the pooled ranges of days to maturity. We find similar results for both metrics. Two shocks explain the movements of the volatility surface, the first shock being interpreted as a shift, while the second one has a Z-shape. The sign of the correlation of the first shock with percentage changes in the underlying asset depends on the metric that we look at, while the sign is positive under both metrics regarding the second shock. The results suggest that the number of shocks, their interpretation and the sign of their correlation with changes in the underlying asset is the same for the whole implied volatility surface as it is for the smile corresponding to a fixed maturity bucket.
JEL Classification: G13
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation