Access to Justice and Litigation Trade-Off: A Theoretical Analysis
36 Pages Posted: 11 Oct 2008
Date Written: October 1, 2008
This paper presents a simple model of disputes resolution both from a macro-perspective (social planner's problem) and from a micro-perspective (parties' choice). Furthermore, it analyzes the effects of a number of policies on: a) victim's access to justice, b) parties' choice between settlement and litigation, c) social costs of disputes resolution. Our research extends the existing literature by showing that reducing litigation rate is not always socially efficient. Rather, in many cases, a social trade-off exists between curbing litigation and enhancing access to justice. Using this framework, we derive policy implications for access to justice and judicial economy.
Keywords: access to justice, litigation, legal aid, uncertainty
JEL Classification: K41
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