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A Physical Monism: Time as the Sole Component of the Universe

4 Pages Posted: 10 Oct 2008 Last revised: 20 Sep 2012

Marvin Eli Kirsh

California State University, Los Angeles

Date Written: October 8, 2008


"The idea of the measuring rod and the idea of the clock contained with it in the theory of relativity do not find their exact correspondence in the real world. It is also clear that the solid body and the clock do not in the conceptual edifice of physics play the part of irreducible elements, but that of composite structures, which may not play any independent part in theoretical physics." Albert Einstein.

In modern physics study, applied perspectives in approach logically result ubiquitiously in the definition of existing of themselves constructions that connect with a physical reality only on the fact of perception of the initial phenomenon, the remainder built of conceptual entities and applied with the notion that if test of theory intersects with the empirical that it has a proposed validity. Thus any false notion providing a semblance of explanation can be pursued, possibly to false and acceptable constructions. Nearly, the total of all current pursuits involve elaborations of this type, parented from Albert Einstein's theory of relativity, which holds, though does not adhere, to, as a starting point immediate perceptions of time and distance/a geometry and energy/motion to approximate nature. This approach fails when a unity, unified concept is pursued, and common sense in the terms of ordinarily conceived plane geometry, ideas of elapsed time becomes replaced with dualisms, pluralities to account in logical addition for construed phenomenon (of which direct empirical testimony is again absent). Thus, with the current immediate sense notions of time and space a vast abstractness emerges that can give rise to question about initial ontology and epistemology.

In this presentation, I wish to make and elucidate the components of an analogy that has taken many forms in the historical pursuit of scholarship (e.g. monism verses dualism), and to support a new argument, related to the above stated notion in the quotation from Albert Einstein, that the world construed, of the measuring rod and the clock as basic elements which do not find their exact correspondence in the real world, can also be construed with an exact correspondence to the real world with the element of commonly known, and applied to the inanimate, time from which distance and perspective can be gotten. It is also in this case that philosophical and/or scientific entailments of notions result in both philosophical and scientifically different, distinct and mutually exclusive results. A mistaken notion, not necessarily philosophical, concerning the perception of a difference in notions, (though essential in order to originate the pursuit), in the cognitive construction of a "clock" and, that which, may actually exist, and is assumed inherent to nature, is challenged.

Keywords: time, energy, space, universe constituents, Einstein

Suggested Citation

Kirsh, Marvin Eli, A Physical Monism: Time as the Sole Component of the Universe (October 8, 2008). Available at SSRN: or

Marvin Eli Kirsh (Contact Author)

California State University, Los Angeles ( email )

5151 State University Dr
Los Angeles, CA 90032
United States
323-263-0426 (Phone)


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