Institutional Performance and Satisfaction with Democracy - A Comparative Analysis

26 Pages Posted: 13 Oct 2008

See all articles by Antonio M. Jaime-Castillo

Antonio M. Jaime-Castillo

University of Málaga; Centro de Estudios Andaluces

Date Written: March 2006


Satisfaction with democracy is supposed to be correlated with institutional performance. However, it is not clear what the real meaning of satisfaction with democracy is, and how to measure institutional performance. Secondly, there is a lack of theoretical research about the link between institutional performance and satisfaction with democracy at the individual level. Finally, in order to understand this link we have to deal with variables and indicators at different levels (aggregate and individual), which imposes some econometric restrictions over model specification. In this paper I propose a model to represent the influence of institutional performance over satisfaction with democracy, and I test some empirical hypothesis derived from the model, using a multilevel approach. The results show that economic performance is one of the most important dimensions of institutional performance that affect the overall level of satisfaction with democracy. Results also show that other dimensions of institutional performance, such as accountability, have a significant impact on democratic satisfaction.

Keywords: democracy, satisfaction, economic conditions, accountability

JEL Classification: D63, D72, D82

Suggested Citation

Jaime-Castillo, Antonio M., Institutional Performance and Satisfaction with Democracy - A Comparative Analysis (March 2006). Available at SSRN: or

Antonio M. Jaime-Castillo (Contact Author)

University of Málaga ( email )

Faculty of Economics and Business
C/ Ejido, 6
Málaga, Málaga 29071


Centro de Estudios Andaluces

C/ Bailén. 50
41001 Seville, Seville 41001

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