The Italian Job: Match Rigging, Career Concerns and Media Concentration in 'Serie A'

48 Pages Posted: 13 Oct 2008

See all articles by Tito Boeri

Tito Boeri

Bocconi University - Department of Economics; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Battista Severgnini

Copenhagen Business School - Department of Economics

Abstract

This paper contributes to the literature on competition and corruption, by drawing on records from Calciopoli, a judicial inquiry carried out in 2006 on corruption in the Italian soccer league. Unlike previous studies, we can estimate the determinants of match rigging and use this information in identifying corruption episodes in years in which there are no pending judicial inquiries. We find evidence of corruption activity well before Calciopoli. Career concerns of referees seem to play a major role in match rigging. An implication of our study is that a more transparent selection of the referees and evaluation of their performance is essential in removing incentives to match rigging. Another implication is that in presence of significant winners-take-all effects, more competitive balance may increase corruption unless media concentration is also significantly reduced.

Keywords: concentration, corruption, career concerns, random effect ordered probit, Monte Carlo simulations, soccer

JEL Classification: D73, L82, L83

Suggested Citation

Boeri, Tito and Severgnini, Battista, The Italian Job: Match Rigging, Career Concerns and Media Concentration in 'Serie A'. IZA Discussion Paper No. 3745, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1282967 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0042-7092.2007.00700.x

Tito Boeri (Contact Author)

Bocconi University - Department of Economics ( email )

Via Gobbi 5
Milan, 20136
Italy

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR) ( email )

London
United Kingdom

IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Battista Severgnini

Copenhagen Business School - Department of Economics ( email )

Porcelænshaven 16 A, 1
Frederiksberg C, DK-2000
Denmark

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