Screening for Chronic Kidney Disease

7 Pages Posted: 21 Oct 2008

See all articles by Phillip E. Pfeifer

Phillip E. Pfeifer

University of Virginia - Darden School of Business

Heejung Bang

University of Virginia - Darden School of Business

Abstract

The case asks students to develop a method for identifying individuals at risk of having chronic kidney disease. A 6,000-subject training set containing 34 potential predictor variables is provided along with a 2,819 subject validation set the instructor uses to evaluate student predictions. The case is based on an actual study which resulted in a simple nine-question survey that health professionals use to help patients decide whether to be tested for chronic kidney disease.

Excerpt

UVA-QA-0704

Rev. Mar. 21, 2013

SCREENING FOR CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is a progressive condition that results in significant morbidity and mortality. Because of the important role the kidneys play in maintaining homeostasis, CKD can affect almost every body system. Early recognition and intervention are essential to slowing disease progression, maintaining quality of life, and improving outcomes. Family physicians have the opportunity to screen at-risk patients, identify affected patients, and ameliorate the impact of CKD by initiating early therapy and monitoring disease progression.

—Catherine S. Snively, MD, and Cecilia Gutierrez, MD

The purpose of this case is to create an easy-to-use screening tool to identify patients at risk for CKD. Despite the wide availability and low cost of a test for CKD based on one or more blood samples, studies have shown that many in the at-risk population have not been tested. One reason for this is that awareness of CKD is low. Given the proven benefits of early detection and treatment, the need for some kind of screening tool is clear. Although there is no reason to test everyone, those patients with a high enough probability of having CKD should be tested. The purpose of this case is to see if those high-risk patients can be identified using easily obtainable patient data.

. . .

Keywords: data analysis

Suggested Citation

Pfeifer, Phillip E. and Bang, Heejung, Screening for Chronic Kidney Disease. Darden Case No. UVA-QA-0704, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1284276

Phillip E. Pfeifer (Contact Author)

University of Virginia - Darden School of Business ( email )

P.O. Box 6550
Charlottesville, VA 22906-6550
United States
434-924-4803 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.darden.virginia.edu/faculty/Pfeifer.htm

Heejung Bang

University of Virginia - Darden School of Business

P.O. Box 6550
Charlottesville, VA 22906-6550
United States

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