Price Discovery in the Round-the-Clock U.S. Treasury Market
48 Pages Posted: 14 Oct 2008 Last revised: 16 Dec 2009
Date Written: October 14, 2008
We evaluate the efficacy of price discovery in the round-the-clock U.S. Treasury market. Using a comprehensive intraday database, we explore informational role of trades over the 24-hour day. We find that information asymmetry is generally highest in the preopen period and lowest in the postclose period. Information asymmetry in the overnight period is comparable to that in the regular trading period. However, on days with macroeconomic announcements, information asymmetry peaks shortly after the news release at 8:30. Moreover, information asymmetry is higher in Monday morning and higher immediately before than after the open of U.S. Treasury futures trading. Although volume is low after hours and trading cost is relatively high, overnight trading generates significant price discovery. Results suggest that overnight trading activity is an important part of the Treasury price discovery process.
Keywords: Price discovery, asymmetric information, liquidity provision, variance decomposition, after-hours trading
JEL Classification: G0, G14
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation