The Embeddedness of Technological Systems

12 Pages Posted: 15 Oct 2008

See all articles by Raghu Garud

Raghu Garud

Pennsylvania State University

Date Written: December 1997


Technological systems are shaped both by forces arising from the technical environmentof product markets and those arising from the institutional environment ofcompatibility standards. We explore how it might be possible for standards to simultaneouslyenable activities in the technical environment and not constrain them.Such a scenario is possible when the technical environment is not completelyembedded in the standards that shape them. We characterize such technological systemsas being "just" embedded.

Suggested Citation

Garud, Raghu, The Embeddedness of Technological Systems (December 1997). NYU Working Paper No. 2451/14189, Available at SSRN:

Raghu Garud (Contact Author)

Pennsylvania State University ( email )

University Park
State College, PA 16802
United States

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