The Impact of National Data Networks on Firm Performance and Market Structure

24 Pages Posted: 15 Oct 2008

See all articles by Lynn A. Streeter

Lynn A. Streeter

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Robert E. Kraut

Carnegie Mellon University - David A. Tepper School of Business; Carnegie Mellon University - School of Computer Science

Henry C. Lucas Jr.

New York University (NYU)

Laurence Caby

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: 1993

Abstract

An open data network is one that allows firms to exchange information with outsideentities, and a national data network is one that provides virtually universal access, interconnecting most businesses and private citizens in a country. Establishing a national data network is verycostly and must be justified by its economic, service, and societal impact. France with its Teletelsystem is close to having a national data network, whereas the United States is not. Using data from 619 businesses in France and the United States we examine several claims: 1) opennetworks have improve firms' productivity, efficiency, and quality of service; 2) national opennetworks allow relationships among firms to be based on an electronic marketplace; and 3)national open networks differentially benefit small and medium sized firms. The results show thatfirms using open networks are more efficient and profitable and have more stable relationships with their customers. The natural advantage that large firms have to exploit new technology has been moderated in France, since small and medium-sized firms who used the national network have gained the same advantages as large firms. However, even in France, the use of opennetworks by the general population of firms is still relatively low, thus arguing for a long diffusion constant for the beneficial effects of open networks.

Suggested Citation

Streeter, Lynn A. and Kraut, Robert E. and Lucas Jr., Henry C. and Caby, Laurence, The Impact of National Data Networks on Firm Performance and Market Structure (1993). Information Systems Working Papers Series, Vol. , pp. -, 1993. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1284870

Lynn A. Streeter (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Robert E. Kraut

Carnegie Mellon University - David A. Tepper School of Business ( email )

5000 Forbes Avenue
Pittsburgh, PA 15213-3890
United States
412-268-7694 (Phone)
412-268-1266 (Fax)

Carnegie Mellon University - School of Computer Science

5000 Forbes Avenue
Pittsburgh, PA 15213
United States

Henry C. Lucas Jr.

New York University (NYU) ( email )

Bobst Library, E-resource Acquisitions
20 Cooper Square 3rd Floor
New York, NY 10003-711
United States

Laurence Caby

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

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