The Impact of Climate Change on Cultural Heritage Sites: Environmental Law and Adaptation

Stefan Gruber, ‘The Impact of Climate Change on Cultural Heritage Sites: Environmental Law and Adaptation’ (2011) 2/2011 Carbon and Climate Law Review 209-219

21 Pages Posted: 20 Oct 2008 Last revised: 11 Jun 2014

See all articles by Stefan Gruber

Stefan Gruber

Wuhan University; The University of Sydney - Faculty of Law; Waseda University; Kyoto University - Hakubi Center for Advanced Research

Date Written: October 16, 2008

Abstract

Climate change poses a severe threat to many cultural heritage sites. Threats include floods, increasing extreme weather events, desertification, deterioration of permafrost, and the decay of cultural landscapes. Protecting cultural heritage sites proves to be very difficult as they are very diverse. The key to successful mitigation is - in addition to reducing carbon emissions - to reduce stress from unsustainable activities, which may aggravate the negative impact of climate change. This paper argues that provisions from various areas of environmental law, such as heritage conservation law, pollution law, land use law, construction law, water law, environmental impact assessment law, and planning law, must be used in an integrated way with the aim of mitigating and adapting to the effects of climate change on heritage properties. Of particular importance in this context is the application of the precautionary principle when dealing with heritage sites.

Keywords: climate change, cultural heritage, Arctic, desertification, sea level rise, World Heritage, precautionary principle

JEL Classification: K10, K30, K32

Suggested Citation

Gruber, Stefan, The Impact of Climate Change on Cultural Heritage Sites: Environmental Law and Adaptation (October 16, 2008). Stefan Gruber, ‘The Impact of Climate Change on Cultural Heritage Sites: Environmental Law and Adaptation’ (2011) 2/2011 Carbon and Climate Law Review 209-219, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1285741

Stefan Gruber (Contact Author)

Wuhan University ( email )

School of Law
Luojia Hill, Wuchang
Wuhan, Hubei Province 430072
China

The University of Sydney - Faculty of Law ( email )

New Law Building, F10
The University of Sydney
Sydney, NSW 2006
Australia

Waseda University ( email )

1-104 Totsukamachi, Shinjuku-ku
Tokyo, 169-8050
Japan

Kyoto University - Hakubi Center for Advanced Research ( email )

Yoshidahonmachi
Sakyo Ward
Kyoto, 606-8501
Japan

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