A Dynamic Perspective on Next-Generation Offshoring: The Global Sourcing of Science and Engineering Talent
Academy of Management Perspectives, Vol. 22, No. 3, pp. 35-54, 2008
21 Pages Posted: 10 Nov 2008 Last revised: 18 Apr 2011
Date Written: October 20, 2008
The seemingly unlimited availability of science and engineering (S&E) talent in emerging economies and the increasing difficulties of finding such talent in advanced economies have given rise to a new trend: the global sourcing of S&E talent. This paper examines the antecedents and dynamics of this trend. In particular, it examines the coevolution of macroeconomic forces, domestic and offshore national policies, industry dynamics, and firm-level offshoring capabilities driving today's offshoring decisions. The analysis exploits findings from the Offshoring Research Network (ORN) project. By taking a dynamic and multilevel perspective on next-generation offshoring, this paper may inform both firm-level strategies and national policy-making.
Keywords: Offshoring, Science and Engineering Talent, Coevolution, Globalization of Innovation
JEL Classification: J23, J24, J44, J31, M51, M53, M54, L14, L21, L22, L24, L84, O14, R11, P45, P48, F59, F21, F22, F23
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