Urban Air Pollution Analysis for Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
SIM Working Paper No. 2008-005
11 Pages Posted: 24 Oct 2008 Last revised: 28 Oct 2013
Date Written: September 22, 2008
The objective of this report is to provide an analytical basis to underpin discussions on air quality in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia (coldest capital of the World) and to discuss possible long-term strategies for reducing air pollution; given the changing demographics and growing urbanization and industrialization. These trends have spurred an increase in the demand for energy in several sectors including transport, construction, heating, industrial production and have resulted in challenges such as pollution from transport, waste disposal, and natural resource mining among others. The increasing air pollution levels pose a significant challenge for the rapidly growing city like Ulaanbaatar. A scenario analysis of air pollution emissions in Ulaanbaatar for the years 2010 and 2020 indicate that unless the government makes a concerted effort to address the issue at multiple levels, air pollution and its corresponding health impacts will be significant. While there is no single solution to reduce emissions, a combination of measures ranging from public education and awareness to strengthening of monitoring and enforcement, to improving technology is necessary, in order to successfully address the increasing levels of air pollution. This paper presents, multi-pollutant emissions analysis, dispersion results, impact assessment, and scenario analysis for 2006 (base year), 2010, and 2020 for Ulaanbaatar.
Keywords: Air Pollution, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, Emissions, Policy Management
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