Perspectives on High Real Interest Rates in Turkey
34 Pages Posted: 27 Oct 2008
Date Written: October 1, 2008
High real interest rates have historically been a prominent feature of the Turkish economic landscape. This paper attempts to shed some light on this phenomenon. We find that explanations based on fundamental considerations, such as high growth rates or high returns to capital, do not provide a satisfactory resolution of this puzzle. Instead, we find that two other factors - doubts about the sustainability of disinflation and the existence of a risk premium - have a significant impact on the level of real interest rates in Turkey. Importantly, fiscal policy variables are shown to affect both the credibility of disinflation as well as the level of the risk premium, suggesting that a more credible and prudent fiscal policy can help reduce real interest rates in Turkey.
Keywords: Turkey, Real Interest Rates, Marginal Product of Capital, Risk Premium
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