Adaptation to Climate Change to Save Biodiversity: Lessons Learnt from African and European Experiences
30 Pages Posted: 29 Oct 2008 Last revised: 12 May 2013
Date Written: September 11, 2008
Climate change is increasing the pressure on the dwindling biodiversity of the Earth. In 2004, the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) requested all Parties to "integrate climate change adaptation measures in protected area planning, management strategies, and in the design of protected area systems." IUCN experts have explained that certain organisms "will move along altitudinal gradients in response to climate change" and that establishing networks of protected areas may in most parts of the world be crucial for species of plants and animals to adapt to climate change.
This paper focuses on the experiences with the creation of large and robust natural areas and ecological networks Africa and Europe, particularly in relation to a worldwide changing climate. In discussing this issue, the authors will take a legal approach: the central question is whether the role of law in respect of the establishment and protection of large natural areas and networks should be strengthened to enable species of plants and animals, habitats and ecosystems to adapt to climate change. While recognizing the importance and urgent need to designate and protect marine areas to conserve marine biodiversity, this contribution will focus on the terrestrial environment.
Keywords: climate change, biodiversity, adaptation, protected areas, transboundary protected areas, transfrontier conservation areas, natura 2000
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation