How China's Farmers Adapt to Climate Change

28 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016

See all articles by Jinxia Wang

Jinxia Wang

Chinese Academy of Sciences - Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy

Robert O. Mendelsohn

Yale University - School of Forestry & Environmental Studies; Yale University

Ariel Dinar

World Bank - Agriculture and Rural Development Department

Jikun Huang

Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)

Date Written: October 1, 2008

Abstract

This paper uses a cross sectional method to analyze irrigation choice and crop choice across 8,405 farmers in 28 provinces in China. The findings show that Chinese farmers are more likely to irrigate when facing lower temperatures and less precipitation. Farmers in warmer places are more likely to choose oil crops, maize, and especially cotton and wheat, and are less likely to choose vegetables, potatoes, sugar, and especially rice and soybeans. In wetter locations, farmers are more likely to choose soybeans, oil crops, sugar, vegetables, cotton, and especially rice, and they are less likely to choose potatoes, wheat, and especially maize. The analysis of how Chinese farmers have adapted to current climate, provides insight into how they will likely adapt when climate changes. Future climate scenarios will cause farmers in China to want to reduce irrigation and shift toward oil crops, wheat, and especially cotton. In turn, farmers will shift away from potatoes, rice, vegetables, and soybeans. However, adaptation will likely vary greatly from region to region. Policy makers should anticipate that adaptation is important, that the magnitude of changes depends on the climate scenario, and that the desired changes depend on the location of each farm.

Keywords: Crops & Crop Management Systems, Climate Change, Rural Poverty Reduction, Common Property Resource Development, Agriculture & Farming Systems

Suggested Citation

Wang, Jinxia and Mendelsohn, Robert O. and Dinar, Ariel and Huang, Jikun, How China's Farmers Adapt to Climate Change (October 1, 2008). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper Series, Vol. , pp. -, 2008. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1293171

Jinxia Wang (Contact Author)

Chinese Academy of Sciences - Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy ( email )

52 Sanlihe Rd.
Datun Road, Anwai
Beijing, Xicheng District 100864
China

Robert O. Mendelsohn

Yale University - School of Forestry & Environmental Studies ( email )

195 Prospect Street
New Haven, CT 06511
United States

Yale University ( email )

New Haven, CT 06520
United States
2034325128 (Phone)

Ariel Dinar

World Bank - Agriculture and Rural Development Department ( email )

1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States
202-473-0434 (Phone)

Jikun Huang

Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ( email )

Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy (CCAP)
No. Jia 11, Datun Road
Anwai, Beijing, 100101
China
+86 10 64889440 (Phone)
+86 10 64856533 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.ccap.org.cn/english/ccapstaff.asp?PID=1380

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