The Foundations of Freezeout Laws in Takeovers
31 Pages Posted: 3 Nov 2008
Date Written: August 2003
We provide an economic basis for permitting freeze outs of non-tendering shareholdersfollowing successful takeovers. We describe a specific freeze out mechanism based on easily verifiable information that induces desirable efficiency and welfare properties in models of both corporations with widely dispersed shareholdings and corporations with large pivotal shareholders. The mechanism dominates previous proposals along some important dimensions. We also examine takeover premia that arise in the presence of competition among raiders. Our mechanism is closely related to the practice of takeover law in the U.S.; thus, our analysis may be thought of as analyzing the economic foundations of current regulations.
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