Financial Integration Across Borders and Across Sectors: Implications for Regulatory Structures

60 Pages Posted: 3 Nov 2008

See all articles by Ingo Walter

Ingo Walter

New York University - Leonard N. Stern School of Business; New York University (NYU) - Department of Finance

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: June 2002

Abstract

This paper considers the generic processes and linkages that comprise financialintermediation the basic financial hydraulics that ultimately drive efficiency and innovation in the financial system and its impact on real-sector resource allocation and economic growth. Maximum economic welfare demands a high-performance financialsystem. What does this actually mean? It documents some of the structural changes thathave occurred in both national and global financial systems, and suggests how themicroeconomics of financial intermediation work. These can have an enormous impact onthe industrial structure of the financial services industry and on individual firms.Sequentially, financial channels that exhibit greater static and dynamic efficiency havesupplanted less efficient ones. Competitive distortions can retard this process, but theyusually extract significant economic costs and at the same time divert financial flows into other venues, either domestically or elsewhere. The paper also examines the consequences of this process in terms of financial sector reconfiguration, both within and between the four major segments of the industry (commercial banking, securities and investment banking, insurance, and asset management) as well as within and between national financial systems. Finally, the paper superimposes key regulatory overlays onto the basic economics and facts of reconfiguration in financial intermediation. This is a special industry, due both to the embedded systemic risks and its fiduciary nature. Balancing financial efficiencyagainst stability and fairness is not easy. The economics of financial intermediation arehighly regulation-sensitive, so small changes in regulation can create important changes inmarkets. Regulators inevitably make some mistakes, and regulatory mandates are unusually contentious and vulnerable to entrenched economic interests. This is also a discussion of the linkages between structural change in financial intermediation and supervisory and regulatory functions, including some comparisons between US and European legacies and prospects.

Suggested Citation

Walter, Ingo, Financial Integration Across Borders and Across Sectors: Implications for Regulatory Structures (June 2002). NYU Working Paper No. FIN-02-020, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1294198

Ingo Walter (Contact Author)

New York University - Leonard N. Stern School of Business ( email )

44 West 4th Street
New York, NY 10012
United States
212-998-0707 (Phone)
212-995-4220 (Fax)

New York University (NYU) - Department of Finance

Stern School of Business
44 West 4th Street
New York, NY 10012-1126
United States

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
117
Abstract Views
1,685
Rank
215,629
PlumX Metrics