A Gendered Assessment of the Brain Drain

35 Pages Posted: 3 Nov 2008

See all articles by Frédéric Docquier

Frédéric Docquier

Université catholique de Louvain; CREAM, Centre for Research on Environmental Appraisal & Management, UK; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

B. Lindsay Lowell

Georgetown University

Abdeslam Marfouk

Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB)

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Abstract

This paper updates and extends the Docquier-Marfouk data set on international migration by educational attainment. We use new sources, homogenize definitions of what a migrant is, and compute gender-disaggregated indicators of the brain drain. Emigration stocks and rates are provided by level of schooling and gender for 195 source countries in 1990 and 2000. Our data set can be used to capture the recent trend in women's brain drain and to analyze its causes and consequences for developing countries. We show that women represent an increasing share of the OECD immigration stock and exhibit relatively higher rates of brain drain than men. The gender gap in skilled migration is strongly correlated with the gender gap in educational attainment at origin. Equating women's and men's access to education would probably reduce gender differences in the brain drain.

Keywords: brain drain, gender, human capital, migration

JEL Classification: F22, J61

Suggested Citation

Docquier, Frédéric and Lowell, Briant Lindsay and Marfouk, Abdeslam, A Gendered Assessment of the Brain Drain. IZA Discussion Paper No. 3235, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1294410 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0042-7092.2007.00700.x

Frédéric Docquier (Contact Author)

Université catholique de Louvain ( email )

IRES
Place Montesquieu 3
Louvain-la-Neuve, 1348
Belgium

HOME PAGE: http://https://perso.uclouvain.be/frederic.docquier/

CREAM, Centre for Research on Environmental Appraisal & Management, UK

University of Newcastle
NE1 7RU Newcastle Upon Tyne
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Briant Lindsay Lowell

Georgetown University ( email )

Washington, DC 20007
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www12.georgetown.edu/sfs/isim/index.html

Abdeslam Marfouk

Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB) ( email )

Pleinlaan 2
http://www.vub.ac.be/
Brussels, 1050
Belgium

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