The Struggle for Palestinian Hearts and Minds: Violence and Public Opinion in the Second Intifada

43 Pages Posted: 7 Nov 2008 Last revised: 25 Feb 2010

See all articles by David A. Jaeger

David A. Jaeger

Ph.D. Program in Economics, City University of New York Graduate Center; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); University of Cologne - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute); University College London - CReAM - Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration

Esteban F. Klor

Hebrew University of Jerusalem - Department of Economics; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Sami H. Miaari

Hebrew University of Jerusalem - Eliezer Kaplan School of Economics and Social Sciences

Daniele Paserman

Boston University - Department of Economics; Hebrew University of Jerusalem; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Multiple version iconThere are 4 versions of this paper

Date Written: February 1, 2010

Abstract

This paper examines how violence influences the political preferences of an aggrieved constituency that is purportedly represented by militant factions. Using public opinion poll micro data of the Palestinian population linked to data on fatalities from the Second Intifada, we find that although Israeli violence discourages Palestinians from supporting moderate political positions, this "radicalization" is fleeting, and vanishes completely within 90 days. We do, however, find evidence suggesting that major political events in the Palestinian-Israeli conflict have had a longer-term impact on political preferences. Individuals who were teenagers during the period of the Oslo negotiations tend to have relatively moderate preferences, while those who were teenagers during the First Intifada tend to be relatively radical.

Keywords: Israeli-Palestinian conflict, political violence, political preferences, public opinion

JEL Classification: D72, D74, H56

Suggested Citation

Jaeger, David A. and Klor, Esteban F. and Miaari, Sami H. and Paserman, Daniele, The Struggle for Palestinian Hearts and Minds: Violence and Public Opinion in the Second Intifada (February 1, 2010). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1296023 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1296023

David A. Jaeger

Ph.D. Program in Economics, City University of New York Graduate Center ( email )

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University of Cologne - Department of Economics ( email )

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University College London - CReAM - Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration ( email )

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Esteban F. Klor

Hebrew University of Jerusalem - Department of Economics ( email )

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HOME PAGE: http://economics.huji.ac.il/facultye/klor/klor.htm

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR) ( email )

London
United Kingdom

Sami H. Miaari

Hebrew University of Jerusalem - Eliezer Kaplan School of Economics and Social Sciences ( email )

Mount Scopus
Jerusalem
Israel

Daniele Paserman (Contact Author)

Boston University - Department of Economics ( email )

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Boston, MA 02215
United States

Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Mount Scopus
Jerusalem, IL Jerusalem 91905
Israel

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

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Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

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Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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