Elimination of Gender-Related Employment Disparities Through Statistical Process Control

FRB of Atlanta Working Paper No. 2008-24

44 Pages Posted: 8 Nov 2008

See all articles by Mary E. Graham

Mary E. Graham

Clarkson University - School of Business

Julie L. Hotchkiss

Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta; Georgia State University - Department of Economics

Date Written: October 2008

Abstract

This paper proposes a novel approach that has the potential to hasten the eradication of gender disparities in employment. This approach relies upon the concept of statistical process control (SPC) to more systematically remedy disparate employment outcomes for women. SPC also serves as a new vehicle for conceptualizing the influence of industry on equal employment opportunity (EEO) outcomes. Using data from U.S. Current Population Surveys, we compare industries on EEO performance as assessed by a recently developed Systemic Gender Disparity Scorecard. The theory and practice of SPC suggest that further improvement, and by far the greater opportunity for gender-related EEO progress, necessitates fundamental changes in each industry's practices and norms that serve as barriers to gender parity. We recommend more resources to support collaboration between employers and EEO enforcement agencies.

Keywords: equal employment opportunity, statistical process control, discrimination, wage differentials

JEL Classification: J78, M12

Suggested Citation

Graham, Mary E. and Hotchkiss, Julie L., Elimination of Gender-Related Employment Disparities Through Statistical Process Control (October 2008). FRB of Atlanta Working Paper No. 2008-24. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1296136 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1296136

Mary E. Graham (Contact Author)

Clarkson University - School of Business ( email )

Potsdam, NY 13699-5780
United States

Julie L. Hotchkiss

Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta ( email )

Research Department
1000 Peachtree Street N.E.
Atlanta, GA 30309-4470
United States
404-498-8198 (Phone)
404-498-8058 (Fax)

Georgia State University - Department of Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 3992
Atlanta, GA 30302-3992
United States

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