Do Ethnic Enclaves and Networks Promote Immigrant Self-Employment?

21 Pages Posted: 10 Nov 2008

Date Written: November 7, 2008


The author assesses how ethnic enclaves and networks affect the self-employment decisions of immigrants in the U.S. She finds that ethnic networks play a positive role in the likelihood that immigrants will choose self-employment as an alternative to wage employment. However, there is no clear impact of ethnic geographical concentrations on the self-employment decision.

Keywords: self-employment, ethnic enclaves, ethnic networks, geographical concentration, immigrants, Relation of Economics to Social Values, Economic Integration, Labor Demand, Geographic Labor Mobility, Immigrant Workers, Human Resources, Human Development, Income Distribution, Migration,

Suggested Citation

Toussaint-Comeau, Maude, Do Ethnic Enclaves and Networks Promote Immigrant Self-Employment? (November 7, 2008). Economic Perspectives, Vol. 32, No. 4, 2008. Available at SSRN:

Maude Toussaint-Comeau (Contact Author)

Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago ( email )

230 S. LaSalle St.
Chicago, IL 60604
United States
312-322-8443 (Phone)

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