Children and Parents Time Use: Empirical Evidence on Investment in Human Capital in France, Italy and Germany

30 Pages Posted: 11 Nov 2008

See all articles by Ana Rute Cardoso

Ana Rute Cardoso

Instituto de Analisis Economico (IAE-CSIC); Barcelona Graduate School of Economics (Barcelona GSE); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Elsa Fontainha

ISEG UNIVERSIDADE DE LISBOA

Chiara Monfardini

University of Bologna - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Abstract

We analyze a mechanism that has been disregarded in the literature on parental investment in children, as little attention has been devoted to the choices made by children themselves. We model directly time use by youngsters into activities related to the acquisition of human capital, considering not just the decision on study time, but also on socialization/networking at young age, which can enhance personal interaction skills. We provide new empirical evidence for three European countries (France, Italy and Germany) on the link between time allocation by parents and time allocation by youngsters, highlighting country-specific patterns as well as cross-country differences. We run fractional regression models and double hurdle models on multi-member household micro data on time use. Countries diverge concerning the association between parents and youngsters allocation of time to socializing and to reading and studying activities, with Italy standing out as the country where that association, in particular between youngster and mother, is strongest. Our results are consistent with different mechanisms: parental role model directly influencing children behavior, intergenerational transmission of preferences, or network effects, as individuals adapt their behavior to social patterns.

Keywords: study time, socializing, networking, youth, intergenerational transmission of preferences, fractional regression models, double hurdle models

JEL Classification: J22, J24, J13, C21, C24

Suggested Citation

Cardoso, Ana Rute and Fontainha, Elsa and Monfardini, Chiara, Children and Parents Time Use: Empirical Evidence on Investment in Human Capital in France, Italy and Germany. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1298258 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1298258

Ana Rute Cardoso (Contact Author)

Instituto de Analisis Economico (IAE-CSIC) ( email )

Campus UAB
Barcelona, Bellaterra 08193
Spain
3436917157 (Phone)

Barcelona Graduate School of Economics (Barcelona GSE) ( email )

Ramon Trias Fargas, 25-27
Barcelona, Barcelona 08005
Spain

IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany
492283894508 (Phone)
492273894510 (Fax)

Elsa Fontainha

ISEG UNIVERSIDADE DE LISBOA ( email )

Rua do Quelhas 6
LISBOA, 1200-781
Portugal

Chiara Monfardini

University of Bologna - Department of Economics ( email )

Piazza Scaravilli 2
Bologna, 40126
Italy
0039 51 2098148 (Phone)
0039 51 221968 (Fax)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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