Integrative Mediation: A 'Bottom-Up Approach' to Peacebuilding
29 Pages Posted: 13 Feb 2009
Date Written: July 4, 2008
This paper presents the method of "Integrative Mediation", a methodology for interethnic mediation at the local level in post-conflict areas developed. It focuses on South Eastern Europe, and it was developed by the CSSProject for Integrative Mediation, a registered non-profit organization based in Berlin, Germany. The paper provides an overview of the methodology, insights of a three-year project in Kosovo and Macedonia where it was applied, and lessons learned. The first section discusses deficiencies in existing literature. It argues that interethnic mediation is not the same as intercultural mediation in established democracies where there are legal norms and accepted institutions and requires its own field of study and practice-oriented literature. The second section presents Integrative Mediation as a holistic approach to conflict resolution focusing on the local level. It argues that to be effective mediation in ethnic conflicts must have a multi-discipline approach drawing on existing theory but tailor made to each conflict situation. The third section presents the results of Integrative Mediation in Kosovo and Macedonia. In the fourth section, lessons learned are presented. The paper concludes that interethnic mediation in post conflict areas is complex and chaotic but can be approached systematically.
Keywords: intra-state conflicts, inter-community mediation, conflict resolution, peacebuilding
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