Categorization Processes and Conflict in Neighborhoods: The Role of Ingroup vs. Outgroup Categorization and Stereotypes
24 Pages Posted: 13 Dec 2008
Date Written: November 9, 2008
In the current paper we present results of a survey study on how social categorization processes influence perceptions and subsequent behavioral intentions of native residents living in ethnic diverse neighborhoods. 516 native Dutch completed a survey in which we assessed their attitudes about the main other ethnic groups in their neighborhoods. Additionally, we confronted participants with a conflict scenario in which the ethnicity of a neighbor causing nuisance was manipulated. We hypothesized and demonstrate that evaluations of the conflict situation are more negative when confronted with an ingroup rather than an outgroup member. Moreover we show that negative beliefs regarding an outgroup enhance negative evaluations of the conflict situation and subsequently lead to higher forcing intentions, and lower intentions for either avoiding or solving behaviors.
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