Ownership Structure and Innovation: An Emerging Market Perspective
23 Pages Posted: 21 Dec 2008 Last revised: 5 Apr 2015
Date Written: October 22, 2012
Considerable attention has been focused on the ways in which emerging market firms can obtain and mobilize the knowledge and resources required for innovation. Innovation is a particular challenge in emerging markets because of inadequate external institutions. In this study, we focus on the importance of ownership structure, and in particular on ownership type diversity and ownership concentration. Using transaction cost and agency theories embedded in an emerging market context, we argue that ownership structure provides an important mechanism by which firms can assemble and direct the resources necessary for innovation in the context of inadequate external institutions. Specifically, we hypothesize that ownership type diversity improves innovation performance and that increasing ownership concentration has the same effect, but only up to a point. Using a self-tailed panel data of 487 and 475 Chinese listed companies during 2004-2005 and 2005-2006 respectively, we find supportive empirical evidence for our hypotheses. Our findings also suggest ownership type diversity has a more significant statistical effect on innovation performance than does ownership concentration, although most of the extant literature focuses on the latter.
Keywords: ownership type, ownership concentration, innovation, emerging markets
JEL Classification: D24, F23, G32, H82, L21, M10, M11, O23, P31
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation