Cumulative Effects of Job Characteristics on Health

30 Pages Posted: 16 Nov 2008 Last revised: 30 Jun 2009

See all articles by Jason M. Fletcher

Jason M. Fletcher

University of Wisconsin - Madison - Robert M. La Follette School of Public Affairs; Yale University - School of Public Health

Jody L. Sindelar

Yale University - School of Public Health; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Shintaro Yamaguchi

University of Tokyo - Graduate School of Economics

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: June 15, 2009

Abstract

We present what we believe are the best estimates of how job characteristics of physical demands and environmental conditions affect individual's health. Five-year cumulative measures of these job characteristics are used to reflect findings in the physiologic literature that cumulative exposure is most relevant for the impact of hazards and stresses on health. Using data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics we find that individuals who work in jobs with the 'worst' conditions experience declines in their health, although this effect varies by demographic group. For example, for non-white men, a one standard deviation increase in cumulative physical demands decreases health by an amount that offsets an increase of two years of schooling or four years of aging. Job characteristics are found more detrimental to the health of females and older workers. These results are robust to inclusion of occupation fixed effects, health early in life and lagged health.

Keywords: Health, Occupational Characteristic

JEL Classification: I10, J28

Suggested Citation

Fletcher, Jason M. and Sindelar, Jody L. and Yamaguchi, Shintaro, Cumulative Effects of Job Characteristics on Health (June 15, 2009). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1300389 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1300389

Jason M. Fletcher (Contact Author)

University of Wisconsin - Madison - Robert M. La Follette School of Public Affairs ( email )

1180 Observatory Drive
Madison, WI 53706-1393
United States

Yale University - School of Public Health ( email )

PO Box 208034
60 College Street
New Haven, CT 06520-8034
United States

Jody L. Sindelar

Yale University - School of Public Health ( email )

PO Box 208034
60 College Street
New Haven, CT 06520-8034
United States
203-785-5287 (Phone)
203-785-6287 (Fax)

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Shintaro Yamaguchi

University of Tokyo - Graduate School of Economics ( email )

Tokyo
Japan

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