Poverty and the Environment in Rural India

Posted: 21 Nov 2008 Last revised: 9 Feb 2010

See all articles by Haimanti Bhattacharya

Haimanti Bhattacharya

University of Utah

Robert Innes

University of Arizona - Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics

Date Written: February 5, 2010


This paper studies the relationships between changes in rural income distributions and changes in environmental conditions using district level data from South, West and Central India. Environmental change is measured using satellite data that provide indicators of vegetative cover. The analysis treats income changes, population growth and environmental changes as jointly determined; distinguishes between changes in poverty, average incomes, and “richness”; and considers two alternative measures of environmental health, one an index of biomass and the other an index of forestation. Among key findings are that, other than the relatively very rich, all income groups benefit significantly from an improved environment and that intermediate income households benefit more than the poor in absolute terms. In our data, higher average incomes and “richness,” and higher levels of rural population growth, are all estimated to increase environmental degradation. However, we do not find evidence for a significant impact of poverty on forestation.

Keywords: Poverty, Environment

JEL Classification: I3, N5

Suggested Citation

Bhattacharya, Haimanti and Innes, Robert D., Poverty and the Environment in Rural India (February 5, 2010). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1304235

Haimanti Bhattacharya (Contact Author)

University of Utah ( email )

Department of Economics
1645 E Campus Center Drive, #308
Salt Lake City, UT 84112
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.econ.utah.edu/~bhattacharya

Robert D. Innes

University of Arizona - Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics ( email )

1110 E. North Campus Drive
Tucson, AZ 85721-0023
United States
520-621-9741 (Phone)
520-621-6250 (Fax)

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
PlumX Metrics