A View on Creative Cities beyond the Hype

12 Pages Posted: 21 Nov 2008

See all articles by Gert-Jan Hospers

Gert-Jan Hospers

University of Twente

Cees-Jan Pen

affiliation not provided to SSRN


Fuelled by the influential work of urban guru Richard Florida, the European knowledge economy is seeing a rise of cities calling themselves creative cities. In this paper we have a look at the concept of creative cities and offer a view on them beyond the hype. We understand creative cities as competitive urban areas that combine both concentration, diversity, instability as well as a positive image. Examples of creative cities in history and recent best practice of two such urban areas in Europe (├śresund and Manchester) show that local governments cannot plan knowledge, creativity and innovation from scratch. We conclude, however, that local governments can increase the chance that urban creativity emerges by providing the appropriate framework conditions.

Suggested Citation

Hospers, Gert-Jan and Pen, Cees-Jan, A View on Creative Cities beyond the Hype. Creativity and Innovation Management, Vol. 17, Issue 4, pp. 259-270, December 2008, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1304338 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8691.2008.00498.x

Gert-Jan Hospers (Contact Author)

University of Twente ( email )

Faculty of Public Administration & Public Policy
Postbus 217
7500 AE Enschede

Cees-Jan Pen

affiliation not provided to SSRN

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