Reducing Vulnerabilities to Crime of the European Waste Management Industry: The Research Base and the Prospects for Policy

European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice, Vol. 15, No. 1, pp. 23-36, 2007

Posted: 21 Nov 2008 Last revised: 5 Nov 2009

See all articles by Nicholas Dorn

Nicholas Dorn

Institute of Advanced Legal Studies, University of London

Stijn Van Daele

Ghent University-Universiteit Gent - Department of Penal Law and Criminology

Tom Vander Beken

Ghent University - Department of Penal Law and Criminology

Date Written: 2007

Abstract

This paper reports on aspects of a recent study, independently conducted and funded by the European Commission, which examines vulnerabilities in the waste management industry. In this paper, first the existing literature is briefly reviewed. Studies on environmental crime have variously described its manifestations (descriptive studies, exposes, etc); focused on the criminal groups and individuals involved (case studies, threat or perpetrator profiles); or explored possible risks in terms of vulnerabilities of the waste business itself. The paper introduces and applies a method of scanning for criminal vulnerabilities in industrial sectors. Vulnerabilities are found in relation to regulation, the international context, and the high costs of legal waste management. Finally, the conclusion is drawn that some current and quite contingent events - in relation to European regulation, international trade and intra-regional competitiveness - may be opening up the prospects for higher standards and for a reduction in illegal behaviour in waste management.

Keywords: vulnerability study, crime, waste management, industry, market economy

JEL Classification: K14, K42, K20

Suggested Citation

Dorn, Nicholas and Van Daele, Stijn and Vander Beken, Tom, Reducing Vulnerabilities to Crime of the European Waste Management Industry: The Research Base and the Prospects for Policy (2007). European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice, Vol. 15, No. 1, pp. 23-36, 2007. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1305127

Nicholas Dorn

Institute of Advanced Legal Studies, University of London

Charles Clore House
17 Russell Square
London, WC1B 5DR
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://ials.sas.ac.uk/about/staff/staffres.asp

Stijn Van Daele

Ghent University-Universiteit Gent - Department of Penal Law and Criminology ( email )

Ghent, B-9000
Belgium

Tom Vander Beken (Contact Author)

Ghent University - Department of Penal Law and Criminology ( email )

Ghent, B-9000
Belgium

HOME PAGE: http://www.ircp.org

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