Segregation and the Quality of Government in a Cross-Section of Countries

49 Pages Posted: 2 Dec 2008  

Alberto F. Alesina

Harvard University - Department of Economics; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Ekaterina Zhuravskaya

Paris School of Economics

Multiple version iconThere are 3 versions of this paper

Date Written: August 2008

Abstract

This paper has three goals. The first (and perhaps the most important one) is to provide a new compilation of data on ethnic, linguistic and religious composition at the sub-national level for a large number of countries. This data set allows us to measure segregation of different ethnic, religious and linguistic groups within the same country. The second goal is to correlate measures of segregation with measures of quality of the polity and policymaking. The third is to construct an instrument that helps to overcome the endogeneity problem due to the fact that groups move within country borders, partly in response to policies. Our results suggest that more segregated countries in terms of ethnicity and language, i.e., those where groups live more spatially separately, have a substantially lower quality of government. In contrast, there is no relationship between religious segregation and the government quality.

Keywords: Diversity, Ethnicity, Fractionalization, Language, Quality of government, Religion, Segregation

JEL Classification: H11, J15, O1

Suggested Citation

Alesina, Alberto F. and Zhuravskaya, Ekaterina, Segregation and the Quality of Government in a Cross-Section of Countries (August 2008). CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP6943. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1307533

Alberto F. Alesina (Contact Author)

Harvard University - Department of Economics ( email )

Littauer Center
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
617-495-8388 (Phone)
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Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

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United Kingdom

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

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Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Ekaterina V. Zhuravskaya

Paris School of Economics ( email )

48 Boulevard Jourdan
Paris, 75014 75014
France

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