License to Fail? How Leader Group Prototypicality Moderates the Effects of Leader Performance on Perceptions of Leadership Effectiveness

65 Pages Posted: 2 Dec 2008

See all articles by S.R. Giessner

S.R. Giessner

Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM)

D.L. van Knippenberg

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR)

Ed Sleebos

VU University Amsterdam

Date Written: October 21, 2008

Abstract

Leadership often serves as an explanatory category for performance outcomes (i.e., failure and success). This process can strengthen or weaken leadership effectiveness, because contingent on their performance leaders may gain or lose follower endorsement - the basis of leadership. Drawing on the social identity analysis of leadership, we hypothesized that leader group prototypicality and performance information interact to predict followers' perceptions of leadership effectiveness. Because group prototypical leaders are more trusted by their followers, we hypothesized that group prototypical leaders are evaluated as more effective after failure information than non-prototypical leaders. In contrast, we predicted that both prototypical and non-prototypical leaders should receive similar evaluations of leadership effectiveness after success. We found support for our predictions in a scenario experiment, a cross-sectional field study, and a laboratory experiment.

Keywords: leader prototypicality, leader performance, leadership effectiveness, trust in leadership, effectiviteit

JEL Classification: M10, L2, M12, M

Suggested Citation

Giessner, Steffen R. and Van Knippenberg, Daan and Sleebos, Ed, License to Fail? How Leader Group Prototypicality Moderates the Effects of Leader Performance on Perceptions of Leadership Effectiveness (October 21, 2008). ERIM Report Series Reference No. ERS-2008-066-ORG, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1307544 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1307544

Steffen R. Giessner (Contact Author)

Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM) ( email )

P.O. Box 1738
3000 DR Rotterdam
Netherlands

Daan Van Knippenberg

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) ( email )

Burgemeester Oudlaan 50
3000 DR Rotterdam, Zuid-Holland 3062PA
Netherlands

Ed Sleebos

VU University Amsterdam

De Boelelaan 1105
Amsterdam, ND North Holland 1081HV
Netherlands

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Downloads
455
Abstract Views
3,071
rank
69,624
PlumX Metrics