The Structure of Protection and Growth in the Late 19th Century

48 Pages Posted: 18 Dec 2008

See all articles by Sibylle Lehmann

Sibylle Lehmann

Max Planck Society for the Advancement of the Sciences - Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective Goods; Trinity College (Dublin) - Institute for International Integration Studies (IIIS)

Kevin H. O'Rourke

University of Dublin, Trinity College; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

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Date Written: November 2008

Abstract

Many papers have explored the relationship between average tariff rates and economic growth, when theory suggests that the structure of protection is what should matter. We therefore explore the relationship between economic growth and agricultural tariffs, industrial tariffs, and revenue tariffs, for a sample of relatively well-developed countries between 1875 and 1913. Industrial tariffs were positively correlated with growth. Agricultural tariffs were negatively correlated with growth, although the relationship was often statistically insignificant at conventional levels. There was no relationship between revenue tariffs and growth.

Keywords: growth, history, tariffs

JEL Classification: F13, F43, N10, N70, O49

Suggested Citation

Lehmann, Sibylle and O'Rourke, Kevin H., The Structure of Protection and Growth in the Late 19th Century (November 2008). CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP7053. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1311177

Sibylle Lehmann

Max Planck Society for the Advancement of the Sciences - Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective Goods ( email )

Kurt-Schumacher-Str. 10
D-53113 Bonn, 53113
Germany

Trinity College (Dublin) - Institute for International Integration Studies (IIIS) ( email )

The Sutherland Centre, Level 6, Arts Building
Trinity College
Dublin 2
Ireland

Kevin H. O'Rourke (Contact Author)

University of Dublin, Trinity College ( email )

Department of Economics
Dublin 2
Ireland
+353 1 608 3594 (Phone)
+353 1 677 2503 (Fax)

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