39 Pages Posted: 9 Dec 2008
Date Written: December 2008
In the course of history, a large number of politicians have been assassinated. Rational choice hypotheses are developed and tested using panel data covering more than 100 countries over a period of 20 years. Several strategies, in addition to security measures, are shown to significantly reduce the probability of politicians being attacked or killed: extended institutional and governance quality, democracy, voice and accountability, a well functioning system of law and order, decentralization via the division of power and federalism, larger cabinet size and strengthened civil society. There is also support for a contagion effect.
Keywords: assassinations, rational choice, governance, democracy, dictatorship, deterrence, protection
JEL Classification: D01, D70, K14, K42, Z10
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
Frey, Bruno S. and Torgler, Benno, Politicians: Be Killed or Survive (December 2008). CESifo Working Paper Series No. 2483. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1313020